by brice.semmens, last updated 7/8/08, sharing set to public
This set of Matlab scripts conducts a first order MAR(1) model to estimate interactive effects, and covariate effects, on a time series of data from a community.
It uses a Gibbs sampler to estimate parameters, and currently is set up with diffuse priors on all parameters for the model. It is pretty basic at this point, but it works.
Note on the Gamma distribution:
Going back and forth between Matlab/R/WinBUGS can be confusing, because of the different parameterizations of the gamma pdf. Here's the Matlab/BUGS forms and the R equivalents:
Matlab: X ~ g(a,b) E[X] = ab
R equivalent: X ~ g(shape=a,scale=b)
BUGS: X ~ g(a,b) E[X] = a/b
R equivalent: X ~ g(shape=a,rate=b) OR
X ~ g(shape=a,scale=1/b)
by eric.ward, last updated 5/26/08, sharing set to public
This script writes and runs the data cloning procedure described by Lele et al. (2007, Ecology Letters). The routine is in R, and requires the user to install OpenBUGS before running. The number of clones can (and should) be modified. For this simple example, 100 clones takes ~ 2 minutes on my 2.5 year old laptop (1.66Ghz, 1GB RAM). More details and diagnostics can be found in the multivariate cloning project.
THE FOLLOWING FUNCTION CONDUCTS MULTIPLE LINEAR REGRESSION PARAMETER ESTIMATION VIA MCMC USING GIBBS SAMPLING.
The point of this code is to show how to do it with a conjugate distribution such that the method can easily be plugged into LAMBDA.
The function assumes that:
1)the B coefficients are normally distributed ~N(prior_mean,prior_s2)and thus have a normal distribution prior. Large prior variances produce suitably "diffuse" priors
2) the model variance is gamma distributed Ga(alpha, beta), with an associated prior. Small values of alpha and beta (<.001) produce a suitably "diffuse" prior. Note that Matlab's parameterization of their gamma function is a bit wonky compared to the standard. Basically, Matlab uses Ga(alpha,1/beta)-- ie. inverse of the standard scale parameter.
The R code contains 2 versions of Bayesian linear regression. The first (univariate.all) uses the multivariate normal distribution to sample regression coefficients; the second (univariate.vat) does variable at a time sampling. Both R versions are nearly identical, allow a flexible range of priors for B, and allow the prior variance to be specified either as the shape-scale (e.g. gamma, scaled inv chi sq) or in terms of the mean-variance. Output includes saved parameter draws, which can be fed into CODA, and the calculation of the log(Bayes Factor) to be used for model selection.